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For boxed armour sets, see Item set.

Armour is the term for items that can be equipped to provide defensive bonuses during combat. Most armour sets require a certain Defence level to equip; the higher level an item requires, the greater bonuses it will provide. A player's total Armour stat can be seen in the Loadout screen, under the Hero tab.

Most armour is classed under a melee, magic, or ranged combat style. An armour piece's combat style dictates which styles it defends strongly and weakly against according to the combat triangle; this can be seen in-game as Style Bonus, which is added or subtracted from your Armour stat. Armour not matching the style of your weapon will also penalise your accuracy, this being viewable by mousing over your Accuracy stat. Lastly, some armour sets are classed as hybrid, meaning they have no specific weakness and will not penalise accuracy under any style.

Aside from raising one's defence, a player might wear armour sets that sacrifice defence in return for more damage dealt, or one might wear hybrid armour for easy switching of combat styles.

Armour and the combat triangle

Main article: Combat triangle

The combat triangle is a figure that demonstrates how each combat style relates to another.

The combat triangle

  • Melee fighters overcome rangers because their weapons can cut through leather armour with ease. Melee armour is also effective at protecting against Ranged attacks, as their projectiles have difficulty piercing the thick, metal armour.
  • Ranged fighters overcome mages because their projectiles easily penetrate their robes. Ranged armour is usually crafted from tough animal hides with poor energy conductivity, which is highly resistant to Magic attacks.
  • Magic users overcome warriors because their spells conduct in their metal armour, effectively cooking them. Effective mages can also bind warriors while attacking from afar, and their magical robes resist Melee attacks.

As can be seen above, armour plays a defining role in the combat triangle. Depending on an enemy's attacks, an item's Armour stat is used in varying amounts: 110% against the style it is strong against (eg. Melee > Ranged), 100% against the same style (eg. Melee = Melee), and 90% against the style it is weak to (eg. Melee < Magic). This is represented in the Loadout screen by your Armour stat plus or minus your Style bonus.

To simplify, the mystic robe top and blue dragonhide body have equal Armour bonuses, but the former is classed Magic and the latter classed Ranged, so both armours will defend differently.

Also, not every armour set has a combat class. Some armour is class Hybrid (or class All on particular items), and can be used by any combat style without penalty. Details on Hybrid armour can be found here.

Wearing an item of the wrong class in any slot except the cape will penalise your accuracy. A percentage of the item's Armour bonus is subtracted from your Accuracy stat: 150% if it is strong against your class's weakness, 80% if not.

Melee armour

Main article: Armour/Melee armour
  • Melee armour is usually made from metal and is typically the heaviest gear.
  • Melee armour defends best against Ranged attacks and is weak to Magic attacks.
  • Some Melee armour may be created with the Smithing skill.

Ranged armour

Main article: Armour/Ranged armour
  • Ranged armour is usually crafted from animal skins, commonly dragonhide.
  • Ranged armour defends well against Magic attacks and is weak to Melee attacks.
  • Some Ranged armour may be produced with the Crafting skill.

Magic armour

Main article: Armour/Magic armour
  • Magic armour is not armour as commonly envisioned, but instead robes and similar garments.
  • Magic armour defends well against Melee attacks and is vulnerable to Ranged attacks.
  • Some Magic armour may be produced with the Crafting skill, or Runecrafting for higher-end sets.

Armour types

A player wearing tetsu Tank-type melee armour.

A player wearing Sirenic Power-type ranged armour.

A player wearing Battle robes PvP-type mage armour.

A player wearing warpriest Hybrid-type armour.

A player wearing Dragon Rider All-type armour.

There are five types of armour one may find, most with different stats and purposes.


Tank armour provides the largest Armour bonuses. Aside from Nex armour, it is the only armour type to provide a life point bonus. Tank armour also reduces damage in PvM. Most armour in the game is of this type.


Power armour gives less Armour bonus than Tank armour, but it has a damage bonus similar to jewellery. The damage bonus increases with the required level of the armour. Nex armour is unique among high-level power armour because it has a life point boost.


PvP armour is especially good in PvP circumstances, or even in PvE. It offers the Armour bonus of Tank armour and the damage bonus of Power armour. It also reduces as much damage in PvP as Tank armour.


True to its name, Hybrid armour can be used by all combat styles without accuracy penalty. Hybrid armour carries lower defence than the above armours and provides no PvE Damage Reduction, but it defends equally well against all combat styles. It is useful when frequently changing attack style, or if fighting a monster that uses multiple attack styles. The following armour sets are Hybrid:


This armour works identically to Hybrid armour. The following armour sets or items are classed as All:

Hybrid power

Hybrid power armour is a small subset of items that are hybrid (or all) class but also provide damage bonuses, like power armour.

There is much debate on exactly how to provide a tier for these items, as their stats do not quite fit the models below. For example:

Item Wield req. Armour Damage Overall tier
Value Tier Value Tier
Culinaromancer's gloves 10.png Culinaromancer's gloves 10 None 49.1 55 8.5 55 70 or 75?
Silverhawk boots.png Silverhawk boots (level 60) 60 Defence 31.4 40 6.9 45 60
Atrocious rogue gloves.png Atrocious rogue gloves 80 Defence 56 60 10.0 65 80
Cinderbane gloves.png Cinderbane gloves 85 Defence 74.3 70 11.0 75 90

Certainly, with these three we see two ways of applying the tier penalties:

  • -15 to both armour and damage due to being hybrid, then -5 to just armour for being power (silverhawks, rogue gloves, cinderbane gloves)
  • -15 to both for being hybrid(culinaromancer's gloves)


Power, Hybrid and All armour have lower defensive bonuses than Tank or PvP gear of the same required level. Using Tank as a base, their bonuses are derived as follows:

Armour type Armour bonus Traits
Tank Base PvM damage reduction
Power -5 levels Buffs damage
Hybrid and All -15 levels No combat class

To demonstrate, here are the bonuses of level 60 torso armour for each type:

Armour type Armour bonus Damage bonus Damage reduction (PvM) Damage reduction (PvP)
Tank 260 0 1.2% 3.6%
Power 226 22 None 1.8%
PvP 260 22 None 3.6%
Hybrid and All 168 0 None 1.8%

Damage bonus

The damage bonus from Power armour exists as Strength Bonus, Ranged Bonus, and Magic Bonus — the same bonuses as on jewellery. They are added to the player's main-hand damage bonus if they match the class of the wielded weapon. For example, if one wields an abyssal whip, the Strength Bonus from Bandos armour would affect their damage and the Ranged Bonus from Armadyl armour would not.

Should an off-hand be wielded, 50% of any damage bonus will also be added to the off-hand slot. If a two-handed weapon is wielded, the main-hand slot receives this 50% bonus.

The damage bonuses from Power armour rise with the required level of the armour. A full set provides an approximate 13% increase to a weapon's damage, assuming the armour and weapon are of equal level. Should a Fast or Average speed weapon be wielded, any damage bonuses will be multiplied to compensate for the player's larger damage stat.

The total damage bonus from a set of Power armour is distributed as follows:

Armour slot Damage distribution
Head 20%
Body 30%
Legs 25%
Gloves 12.5%
Boots 12.5%
Total 100%

Damage reduction

Damage reduction is available on all armour types in PvP, and only on Tank armour in PvM. It comes as two percentages that may be observed on the Loadout screen.

Damage reduction can also come from prayers, abilities, and set effects. All reduction modifiers are multiplicative.

Gloves, boots, and shields of all armour types do not reduce damage in PvP.

Armour type Damage reduction (PvM) Damage reduction (PvP)
Tank PvM base PvP base
Power None ½ PvP base
PvP None PvP base
Hybrid and All None ½ PvP base

The damage reduction from an item is determined by its required level, slot, and armour type, and functions as a percentage.

PvM reduction from Tank armour

  • Head:
  • Body:
  • Legs:
  • Gloves:
  • Boots:

PvP reduction from Tank and PvP armour

  • Head:
  • Body:
  • Legs:

PvP reduction from Power, Hybrid and All armour

  • Head:
  • Body:
  • Legs:

PvM reduction from shields

  • Shield:


There are three attributes an armour piece may have: Armour, Life and Damage.

  • Armour raises the chance to block attacks from a creature or player.
  • Life raises the player's maximum life points. It is found on head, body, and leg Tank armour of levels 80 and above, shields of levels 70 and above, and on Nex armour.
  • Damage raises the strength of your hits. It is seen as Strength Bonus, Ranged Bonus, and Magic Bonus. Armour-wise, only capes, Power armour and PvP armour have this attribute.

The bonuses on armour are set via formula, and thus it is possible to determine or approximate the stats of non-existent gear. All armour sets of the same level and type will have identical bonuses.

As mentioned previously, some armour may also have a Prayer bonus. A Prayer bonus does not help defensively, but lowers the drain rate of active prayers.

Calculating Armour bonus

The formulas for calculating Armour bonus are derived from a base defensive value:

Using this base, the Armour bonus of each equipment slot is as follows:

  • Head:
  • Body:
  • Legs:
  • Shield:
  • Gloves:
  • Boots:
  • Cape:
  • Ring: 

One may find charts with the bonuses of many armour levels here.

Calculating Life bonus

Note that Life bonus is only found on shields at levels 70 and above, or Tank armour at levels 80 and above in the head, body, and leg slots.

The results for certain armour levels may be seen here.

  • Head:
  • Body:
  • Legs:
  • Shield:

Calculating Damage bonus

The results for certain armour levels may be seen here.

  • Head:
  • Body:
  • Legs:
  • Gloves:
  • Boots:
  • Cape:

Prayer bonus

Main article: Armour/Prayer armour

Equipment can also have a Prayer bonus which reduces the drain rate of Prayers. Prayer bonuses aren't related to tier; however, higher prayer bonuses are generally on higher tiered equipment.

Set effects

Main article: Passive effects

Some armour sets have passive effects when every item of the set is worn, potentially allowing greater use for a set. Some passives boost damage like Power armour, but others may increase accuracy, heal the player, drain enemies' stats or adrenaline, and more. Nearly every armour set with an effect is available to members only.

An example of these are the Barrows sets, which have unique passives and are commonly seen. Another set used is the Void Knight equipment, which boosts both damage and accuracy. There are also other sets with effects, such as PvP minigame armour and robes from the Fist of Guthix minigame.