This article is about non-members methods of training the Mining skill. For members' methods of training Mining, see Pay-to-play Mining training.


This guide describes the most effective free-to-play methods to train the Mining skill. The experience rate estimates in this guide assume that the best possible pickaxe is being used for the stated Mining level and do not incorporate the use of any experience boosting items or bonus experience. They also assume that players do not bank the ores that they obtain. Banking ores decreases the amount of experience players can gain per hour and, as most ores are not very valuable, is usually not worth the time taken from Mining training. Players using the Evolution of Combat mode can drop ores by adding the ore to their action bar and pressing the associated keybind to drop the ore. As opposed to dropping items directly from the inventory using their right-click drop option, dropping ores via the action bar does not interrupt mining.

Mining is a gathering skill which typically involves collecting ores from different types of ore rock; ore rocks are often found in groups at mining sites. Players can also occasionally obtain uncut sapphires, emeralds, rubies and diamonds while mining. A pickaxe is required when mining. Levelling up the Mining skill increases the rate at which players gain resources and experience while mining. As players level up they are also able to use better pickaxes. To gain the best experience rates possible, players are strongly recommended to use the highest level pickaxe available to them.

Useful equipment


Rune pickaxe detail

In addition to Mining level requirements, pickaxes require certain Attack levels to be wielded. However players are able to use a pickaxe without equipping it, as pickaxes held in the inventory or tool belt are automatically used to mine. Once a pickaxe is added to the tool belt it cannot be removed, but players can add a higher level pickaxe to their tool belt if the pickaxe currently stored in the tool belt is inferior to the one being added. Players can add pickaxes which they do not currently have a high enough Mining level to use to their tool belt. If the pickaxe stored in a player's tool belt requires a higher Mining level to use than the player currently possesses, the pickaxe will function as the best available pickaxe at the player's current Mining level.

Level to use Image Name GE price Notes
1 Bronze pickaxe Bronze pickaxe 1,456 This pickaxe is already stored in the player's tool belt when their account is created.
1 Iron pickaxe Iron pickaxe 4,343 Has a mining speed equivalent to that of a bronze pickaxe.
6 Steel pickaxe Steel pickaxe 1,887
21 Mithril pickaxe Mithril pickaxe 2,828
31 Adamant pickaxe Adamant pickaxe 5,407
41 Rune pickaxe Rune pickaxe 22,097


Urns can be used to gain additional Mining experience while training. When held in the inventory, urns are filled as the player mines ore. Only base experience gains counts towards filling the urn. Full urns can be teleported away to receive additional experience, equivalent to 20% of the Mining experience gained while filling the urn. Only one urn is filled at a time, though players may own up to a total of 10 full urns. If a player owns 10 full mining urns they must teleport at least 1 away before they can fill more urns. Urns are only tradeable in their (nr), non-runed, forms. In order to use a mining urn the player must add an earth rune to it; this makes the urn untradeable.

Image Name Crafting level required to add rune GE price of non-runed urn Charges gained from Type of ore Experience required to fill Experience gained from teleporting
Cracked mining urn Cracked mining urn 1 908 Ores available at level 1 Clay
Copper ore
Tin ore
Rune essence
437.5 87.5
Fragile mining urn Fragile mining urn 17 1,194 Ores up to and including level 20 The above, plus:
Blurite ore
Iron ore
Silver ore
1,000 200
File:Mining urn.png Mining urn 32 Script error Ores up to and including level 40 The above, plus:
Pure essence
Gold ore
1,625 325

Golem outfits

Magic golem outfit equipped

Parts of golem outfits could be won as a prize from Treasure Hunter between the 19 June and 23 June 2014. The sapphire golem outfit, emerald golem outfit and ruby golem outfit consist of head slot, body slot, leg slot, hand slot and feet slot items. When wearing a complete version of any of these three outfits, the player's chance of successfully mining a resource is increased by 5%.

Players who won all pieces of the sapphire golem outfit, emerald golem outfit, and ruby golem outfit could combine these outfits' components to form the magic golem outfit. When wearing a complete magic golem outfit, the player's chance of successfully mining a resource is increased by 7% (as opposed to 5% with the other golem outfits).



See here to calculate how many ores will be obtained during training. The following figures do not include boosts nor urns.

Level Method Experience per hour
1-99+ rune essence 26,000

Levels 1-99+: rune essence

Rune essence detail

The best training method available to free to play players is to mine rune essence, using the action bar to drop the essence obtained. Rune essence can only be found at the Rune Essence mine, which players can access using the right-click teleport options on Aubury in Varrock; Archmage Sedridor in Wizards' Tower; or Carwen Essencebinder in Burthorpe. Pickaxes' level seems to have a negative effect on their ability to mine rune essence: a bronze pickaxe is most effective in mining rune essence; it mines 7 rune essence per 8 game ticks/ Equipping a bronze pickaxe will ensure that this is used instead of any higher level pickaxe that the player may have stored in their tool belt. Using a bronze pickaxe the player may gain around 26,000 experience an hour. This experience rate is gained at any Mining level.

Money making using the Mining skill

Mining rune essence

Level required Experience per hour Profit per hour Details of method
None 4,825 Mining 30,880 Money making guide/Mining rune essence

Mining clay

Level required Experience per hour Profit per hour Details of method
None 4,200 Mining 285,600 Money making guide/Mining clay

Mining iron ore

Level required Experience per hour Profit per hour Details of method
15 Mining
15 Dungeoneering

29 Multicombat

33,600 Mining 431,040 Money making guide/Mining iron ore

Mining adamantite ore

Level required Experience per hour Profit per hour Details of method
70+ Mining
45 Dungeoneering (recommended)
11,400 Mining 27,240 Money making guide/Mining adamantite ore

Mining runite ore

Level required Experience per hour Profit per hour Details of method
85+ Mining 15,000 Mining 166,004 Money making guide/Mining runite ore
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