It will explode after refining an amount of junk dependent on the user's Invention level (see below). Higher Invention levels allow for using the device more before it explodes. It takes 3 seconds (5 game ticks) for each set of junk converted. Each set of junk converted gives 10 Invention experience. The amount of junk converted by a refiner can be checked by using the right click option "Check".
Discovering this device requires level 22 Invention. Can be used before level 22 giving 9 uses before destruction. Success in creating the blueprints earns 1,541 Invention experience.