This article is about the magic skill. For information on training magic, see Magic training (F2P) (P2P).
For the study and use of magic by NPCs, see wizardry.
Also known as Mage
Release date 4 January 2001 (Update)
Members only No
Minimum level
for Hiscores
as of 12 Dec 2017
Players with
as of 16 Aug 2018
Players with 120 16,544
as of 27 Jan 2020
Players with
200M XP
as of 27 Jan 2020
Audio options icon
Magic level up jingle

Magic is a combat skill that is used to cast various spells, utilising the power of runes. Although it is classified as a combat skill, it has many non-combat uses. It is a highly versatile skill, offering valuable benefits in particular to players with high Magic levels. In combat, Magic users (known as "mages") can damage their opponents from a safe distance, as well as freeze them in place, lower their combat stats, and even hit multiple targets at once. It is often used due to the power of its threshold abilities and the option to negatively affect targets using spells such as Vulnerability.

Outside of combat, Magic allows people to perform various tasks such as teleporting themselves (or others) to distant locations, enchanting various items to give them magical properties, converting items directly into coins, and even curing or healing other players.

According to the combat triangle, mages are strong towards warriors, and weak against rangers.

The current minimum requirement to be ranked (at approximately rank 1,203,700) on the hiscores for Magic is level 15. As of 16 August 2018, there are 235,348 current members that have achieved level 99 in Magic. There are 16,544 current members that have achieved level 120 in Magic.


The Magic skill relies heavily on runes, special stones imbued with elemental powers which are focused into spells. Magic users may therefore benefit from a high Runecrafting level, which is used to create runes. Each spell has a certain rune requirement to cast; these runes are consumed during the casting process. (Some Magic equipment, such as the staff of light, may negate the rune cost of a single spell.)

Runes can be divided in two ways: the Fist of Guthix classification; or the Daemonheim/Dungeoneering classification. The Fist of Guthix division is: Elemental runes (Air, Water, Earth, Fire, and Combination runes) and all other runes; called Catalytic runes (Mind, Body, Cosmic, Chaos, Astral, Nature, Law, Death, Blood and Soul runes). The second way is according to the Daemonheim/Dungeoneering classification. Here runes are divided into three types: Elemental runes (Air, Water, Earth, Fire, and Combination runes), Combat runes (Mind, Chaos, Death, and Blood runes) and every other rune belongs to the Other category (Body, Cosmic, Astral, Nature, Law, and Soul).

Part of the rune requirement for a spell can be taken care of by equipping an elemental staff (a staff of air, staff of water, staff of earth, staff of fire, or a Combination rune staff). When equipped, these staves provide unlimited numbers of the elemental rune they represent. A staff of fire will therefore count as unlimited fire runes; High Level Alchemy, which normally requires five fire runes and one nature rune per cast, will only require one nature rune with a staff of fire equipped. The Tome of Frost also provides unlimited water runes when wielded, however, unlike the staves, it is wielded in the shield slot.

In addition, members have access to combination runes created through the Runecrafting skill. Combination runes act as two different elemental runes at once; one dust rune counts as both an earth rune and an air rune for the purpose of spells that require both of these runes, such as Earth Bolt. There are three elemental staves based on combination runes: the mud battlestaff (which provides unlimited water and earth runes), the lava battlestaff (which provides unlimited earth and fire runes), and the steam battlestaff (which provides unlimited water and fire runes). There are also some omni-elemental staves which provide infinite runes of all four elements, but these are restricted to either minigames or Dungeoneering. This is likely done to restrict free magic training outside of the aforementioned areas to the use of an air staff with the basic air spells.

Spell books

Main article: List of spells

The spells of RuneScape are divided into three separate spellbooks. In order to cast a spell, its spellbook must be active.

Standard spells

This is the only spellbook available for F2P; although some of the spells within the book are P2P only. The standard spellbook contains a well-rounded mix of combat and noncombat spells. Additionally, it is the only spellbook to contain enchantment spells, stat-lowering spells known as curses, and tele-other spells. The standard spellbook is unlocked by default for all players and can be accessed from level 1 Magic. Some examples of combat attacks from this magic spellbook include air strike, fire strike, fire bolt, water blast, etc.

Ancient Magicks (members)

The Ancient Magicks are unlocked after the completion of the Desert Treasure quest. The Ancient Magicks spellbook is heavily focused on combat spells, though it also includes a handful of teleports. All Ancient Magicks combat spells have side effects in addition to dealing damage: they can lower targets' accuracy and damage output, heal the caster, and freeze the targets in place. Additionally, some Ancient Magicks spells can hit multiple targets at once with the use of Burst or Barrage spells, up to a maximum of nine within a 3 x 3 area. The Ancient Magicks teleports lead to a limited variety of locations across Misthalin, Morytania and the Wilderness. At least 50 Magic is required to complete Desert Treasure and use the Ancient Magicks spellbook, but the experience reward is enough to go from 50 Magic to 51. After completing the quest The Light Within, the player is rewarded with additional Seren spells, which are added to the Ancient Magicks spellbook. Nine new combat spells are included as well as as five skilling spells. These are the only skilling spells in the Ancient Magicks spellbook and include the Spellbook Swap spell which allows players to cast one spell from the Standard spellbook or the Lunar spellbook (if unlocked).

Lunar spells (members)

In contrast to Ancient Magicks, the Lunar spellbook focuses on non-combat spells, many of which provide unique benefits not otherwise available, and all of which use astral runes. The Lunar spellbook is unlocked after completing the quest Lunar Diplomacy, which requires level 65 magic; an additional seven spells are unlocked after subsequently completing Dream Mentor; and eleven more spells are available as rewards from the Livid Farm activity. The Lunar spellbook is notable for containing spells that allow players to aid other players in different ways, including curing poison, sharing stat-enhancing potions, group teleportation, restoring life points , and even assisting yourself or other players in combat. The Lunar spellbook also contains Spellbook Swap, which enables the caster to cast a single spell from either the standard or Ancient Magicks spellbooks, allowing for even greater versatility. The highest requirement of a Lunar spell is 99 Magic for Borrowed Power, which is also the highest magic requirement for a spell in the game.

Type of spells

Just as the spells of RuneScape are divided into three separate spellbooks, so too can spells be classified by what types they are. There are three main types of magical spells, and can be further divided into subclasses, these are depicted in to table below. The three main types can be seen in the Magic subtabs of the Ability book.

Magic type Subclassed spells
Fire Surge icon Combat spells Elemental Curses Support
Home Teleport icon Teleport spells Teleporting Yourself Tele-other Tele group
High Level Alchemy icon Skilling spells Enchantment Alchemy Other

Combat spells

Main article: Combat spells

Fire Surge icon Combat spells are used by the casters, mostly in battle, for their offensive capabilities. Combat magic can be separated into three sub types. The first type of spells, elemental spells, give a specific type of elemental damage, and are most commonly used against monsters with a specific weakness to that element. The second type, curse spells, are used to disable an opponent, and make dealing damage easier or safer for the mage casting them. Finally are support spells, which offer a range of benefits to the caster, such as preventing damage, curing poison, and healing other players.

Teleportation spells

Main article: Teleport spells

Home Teleport icon Teleport spells are used to instantly transport players to a certain area. For example, when cast, Falador Teleport immediately transports the caster to the centre of Falador, next to the Saradomin statue. Nearly all teleportation spells require at least one law rune, among other runes.

All spellbooks contain teleportation spells. However, the standard spellbook contains Tele-other spells, beginning with Tele-other Lumbridge at 74 Magic. Tele-other spells allow the caster to teleport another player to another area, assuming that player consents and has Accept Aid on. The Lunar spellbook has Tele Group spells, starting with Tele-group Moonclan at 70 Magic, which will teleport the caster and any other players within a 3x3 square area of the caster to another area.

The Home Teleport spell is a unique teleport that does not require any runes and does not have a level requirement. The spell is also unique, in that it gives the user a choice to go to any lodestone they have unlocked, not just one location. It takes around 10 seconds to cast, and it will be interrupted by combat. A similar spell exists in the Dungeoneering spellbook which teleports the caster to the smuggler in the start room.

Note that teleportation can be blocked by use of the Teleport Block spell, or being past level 20 in the Wilderness, except with dragonstone jewellery, which is able to teleport in up to level 30 in the Wilderness.

Skilling spells

Main article: Skilling spells

High Level Alchemy iconSkilling spells is a type of Magic that aids the player in a way that is not related to combat in a direct way. Skilling spells from the standard spellbook can be divided into Enchantment spells and Alchemy spells. Lunar skilling spells contain a wide variety of effects, while the ancient spellbook contains no skilling spells.

Enchantment spells

Main article: Enchantment spells

Unique to the standard spellbook, enchantment spells are used to imbue certain items, such as jewellery and crossbow bolts, with magical properties. For example, Enchant Level 3 Jewellery is used to turn a ruby amulet into an amulet of strength. Enchantment spells make use of cosmic runes along with other runes.

Alchemy spells

Main article: Alchemy spells

Alchemy spells are used to convert one resource into another. One of the most popular spells in game, High Alchemy, will convert almost any item into a stack of coins. Alchemy spells use nature runes, as well as other runes.

Other spells

Several spells from the Lunar spellbook have unique effects that do not fit into the above categories.

Magic equipment


Magic users often use staves and wands in order to augment their spellcasting. Some staves, such as the basic staff, simply give small bonuses to Magic accuracy. Some, however, provide powerful or unique bonus effects. Some examples:

Best weapons (m)

Two-handed weapon
Item Accuracy
Staff of SliskeStaff of Sliske2577
Noxious staffNoxious staff2458
Superior Zuriel's staffSuperior Zuriel's staff2343
Staff of darknessStaff of darkness2178
Camel staffCamel staff2178
Chaotic staffChaotic staff1924
Attuned crystal staffAttuned crystal staff1924
Zuriel's staffZuriel's staff1829
Sunspear (magic)Sunspear (magic)1829
Armadyl battlestaffArmadyl battlestaff1783
Greater runic staffGreater runic staff1694
Polypore staffPolypore staff1694
Staff of lightStaff of light1694
Ancient staffEnhanced ancient staff1694
One-handed weapon
Item Accuracy
Wand of the praesulWand of the praesul2577
Seismic wandSeismic wand2458
Wand of the Cywir eldersWand of the Cywir elders2458
Seasinger kibaSeasinger kiba2178
Virtus wandVirtus wand1924
Attuned crystal wandAttuned crystal wand1924
Abyssal wandAbyssal wand1694
Ahrim's wandAhrim's wand1486
Wand of treacheryWand of treachery1486
Master wandMaster wand1132
Grifolic wandGrifolic wand1132
Teacher wandTeacher wand983
Item Accuracy
Imperium coreImperium core2577
Seismic singularitySeismic singularity2458
Orb of the Cywir eldersOrb of the Cywir elders2458
Seasinger makigaiSeasinger makigai2178
Virtus bookVirtus book1924
Attuned crystal orbAttuned crystal orb1924
Abyssal orbAbyssal orb1694
Ahrim's book of magicAhrim's book of magic1486
Grifolic orbGrifolic orb1132
Mages' bookMages' book1132


Main article: Armour/Magic armour

Generally, various magical robes are the Magic user's armour of choice.

There are two types of armour: tank armour, which has high armour and sometimes life point boosts; and power armour, which has less armour and life point boosts in exchange for a magic strength bonus. Superior seasinger's robes are the best magic tank armour, at tier 85, while Tectonic armour is the best magic power armour, at tier 90.

Some mages may instead choose to use Void Knight equipment, particularly with the Void mage helm, as the set grants bonus magic damage and accuracy. At high Magic levels this can result in a significant bonus to accuracy.

Best armour (m)

Slot Item Stats
Head Tectonic mask Tectonic mask

Armour rating: 435

Prayer bonus: 2

Magic strength bonus: 23

Body Tectonic robe top Tectonic robe top

Armour rating: 500

Prayer bonus: 3

Magic strength bonus: 34

Legs Tectonic robe bottom Tectonic robe bottom

Armour rating: 479

Prayer bonus: 2

Magic strength bonus: 29

Hands Celestial handwraps Celestial handwraps

Armour rating: 108

Prayer bonus: 2

Magic strength bonus: 14

Feet Hailfire boots Hailfire boots

Armour rating: 108

Prayer bonus: 2

Magic strength bonus: 14

Cape Completionist cape
Completionist cape (t)
Completionist Cape

Armour rating: 65

Life Bonus: +300

Prayer bonus: 6

Magic strength bonus: 43

Neck Amulet of souls Amulet of souls

Prayer bonus: 5

Magic strength bonus: 46

Ring Ring of death Ring of death

Armour: 3

Magic strength bonus: 25

Training Magic

Main articles: Magic training for free players and for members.

Fighting as a mage

Magic-users are strong against melee users, but are weak against rangers due to the fact that most Ranged armour provides good Magic defence bonuses and binding spells such as Snare don't help if fighting someone who can attack at a distance. When fighting as a mage it is suggested to make use of stat-lowering curse spells and binding spells in order to maximise effectiveness. A player or monster using melee is at a significant disadvantage when faced with a foe who can keep out of their attack range, lower their stats, and deal damage. Additionally, when fighting monsters, use of safe spots may be helpful.

When using binding spells, another tip is to keep track of how long the opponent will be frozen and cast combat spells accordingly. For example, Entangle freezes the opponent for 15 seconds, and takes 3 seconds to cast, leaving 12 seconds with which to cast other spells. Since each spell takes 3 seconds to cast, it is possible to cast 4 spells before the target can move again.

If a monster has a particular elemental weakness it is recommended to take advantage of it. For example, iron dragons are vulnerable to water spells.

Also see: this page for a comparison in combat spells between Standard spells and Ancient Magicks.

Level-up table

Main article: Magic/Level-up table

Temporary boosts

Main article: Temporary skill boost

Some items grant temporary boosts to the Magic skill. A boosted Magic skill does allow for casting of higher-level spells than normal. For example, a player with 90 Magic who drinks a dose of magic potion will be able to cast Vengeance Other, which requires 93 Magic.

Items that offer a magic strength bonus chance also increase a player's damage.

Only the first two items, the magic potion and wizard's mind bomb, are available to F2P.

Icon Method Level boost Requirements Restrictions
Magic potion (3) Magic potion 1 to 8 5 Herblore
Wizard's mind bomb Wizard's mind bomb 2 or 3 None
Mature wmb Mature wmb 3 or 4 None
Magic essence (3) Magic essence potion 3 to 8 57 Herblore Untradeable
Vecna skull Vecna skull 2 to 11 None One use every 7 minutes, but you can use it only when boost has worn out.

Cannot be used in the Wilderness

Super magic potion (3) Super magic potion 2 to 13 76 Herblore
Grand magic potion (6) Grand magic potion 2 to 15 None A dose of grand magic boosts Magic by 14% of your Magic level, plus 2, rounded down.
Extreme magic (3) Extreme magic potion 3 to 17 91 Herblore Untradeable
Overload (3) Overload 3 to 17 96 Herblore Untradeable
Supreme overload potion (6) Supreme overload potion (6) 4 to 18 98 Herblore Untradeable
Magic focus scroll Wolpertinger's Magic focus scroll 7 92 Summoning
Dominion marker (stage 4) Dominion marker Tier 4 10 All achievements done in Dominion Tower. Only boosts in boss rooms.
Magic cape Magic cape's boost 1 99 Magic
Fireberry Fireberry 2 86 Farming Also reduces defence by 1.

Development history

Magic in RuneScape Classic was significantly different than its modern incarnation. Very early on, the Magic skill was made up of two separate skills, GoodMagic and EvilMagic. The EvilMagic spells were Confuse, Thick Skin, Shock Bolt, Elemental Bolt and Fear, and the GoodMagic spells were Chill Bolt, Burst of Strength, Camouflage, Rock Skin and Wind Bolt. The two skills were eventually merged into a single Magic skill. It was possible to fail an attempt to cast a spell; when this happened, the spell used no runes, but the caster could not use another Magic spell for 20 seconds. A higher Magic level made failing a spell attempt less likely. Additionally, because runes were less common in RuneScape Classic, spells gave far more experience. Each spell gave the fixed experience using the formula 2 * spell level + 20. Jagex explained that the reduction of Magic experience in RuneScape 2 was due to the fact that runes were easier to obtain on the new version. Spells were graphically represented as a two-dimensional blue flying star, which proved difficult to distinguish from arrows (green stars). Furthermore, metal armour did not impose the significant restrictions on Magic accuracy that it does today, allowing mages to cast powerful spells and yet wear full rune armour.

On 22 September 2003, the Mage Arena was introduced, together with the three god spells Saradomin Strike, Claws of Guthix, and Flames of Zamorak. On the 24th of November, the Bind, Snare and Entangle spells were released in an attempt to balance out the combat triangle. Additionally, the system for failing spells was changed to the modern system, whereas a spell will "splash" and use runes, but will not disable spellcasting for 20 seconds.

On 18 April 2005, the Desert Treasure quest was released, together with the Ancient Magicks, almost doubling the number of combat spells in the game.

On the 4 January, 2006, the Mage Training Arena was released. On the 24th of July of the same year the Lunar Diplomacy quest was released, with the introduction of the Lunar spellbook. The Lunar spellbook was expanded on 15 May 2007 with 7 new spells which are accessible after completing Dream Mentor and with 11 new unlockable spells on 4 April 2011 with the release of the Livid Farm.

On 18 September 2007, the spell Ourania Teleport was released, along with the Ourania Runecrafting Altar.

On 9 September 2009, Jagex updated the system for auto-casting spells. Previously, spells could only be auto-cast while wielding a staff, and even then not every spell could be autocast. Now it is possible to auto-cast most spells even without a staff equipped, and some spells such as Iban Blast and Saradomin Strike that were not previously auto-castable may now be auto-cast, provided the proper staff is equipped. Additionally, Ancient Magicks spells were changed to allow for auto-casting without an ancient staff equipped, which was required to auto-cast them until the update.

On 17 November 2009, the surge spells were added to the game.

On 21 June 2010 the animations for the combat spells in the standard spellbook were updated from the previous generic blast with different colours to actually individual animations that are unique for each element. The animation for making a teleport tablet was also changed.

On 14 September 2011 a new rune called the Armadyl rune was released along with a new spell, Storm of Armadyl.


Main article: Wizardry

Skilling pet

Newton chathead
Main article: Newton

Like all skills, there is a skilling pet obtainable from training this skill. The pet for the Magic skill is called Newton.


Audio options icon
The old magic level up jingle
  • Because Magic is composed of both combat and non-combat spells, it is possible to train Magic without gaining Constitution experience. At early Magic levels it is necessary to use experience lamps, quest rewards or other sources of experience.
  • Ever since RuneScape HD's release, failed spells will sometimes fly straight up instead of splashing and disappearing as usual.
  • Before the Evolution of Combat, the higher a player's Magic level was, the more resistant they became to magical attacks, regardless of the combat style the player was using to attack. This applied to both combat with NPC's and in PvP areas. A player's defence against magical attacks was based on 70% of their Magic level and 30% of their Defence level.
  • The damage of a magic spell is limited to the level of the weapon.
  • Before an update, players were not be able to cast spells correctly if they had more than 2.147b elemental runes in their inventory via a combination of elemental and combination runes.

See also

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