FANDOM


(cleanup)
(Updating the GE prices.)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{External|rsc|os}}
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
{{Otheruses|the magic skill|information on training magic|Magic training{{l/c}} [[Free-to-play Magic training|(F2P)]] {{l/o}}Pay-to-play Magic training{{!}}(P2P)}}
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
{{otheruses|def=no|the study and use of magic by NPCs|wizardry}}
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
{{Infobox skill
+
aaaaa
|AKA = Mage
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
|release = [[4 January]] [[2001]]
+
aaa
|update = Runescape beta is now online!
 
|members = No
 
}}
 
[[File:Magic.png|left]]
 
{{Listen
 
|align = right
 
|title = Magic level up jingle
 
|filename = Combat skills.ogg
 
}}
 
{{Gifresize|High Level Alchemy.gif|160px|caption=A player casting [[High Level Alchemy]] from the standard spellbook}}
 
'''Magic''' is a [[combat]] [[skills|skill]] that is used to cast various [[spells]], utilising the power of [[runes]]. Although it is classified as a combat skill, it has many non-combat uses. It is a highly versatile skill, offering valuable benefits in particular to players with high Magic levels. In combat, Magic users (known as "mages") can damage their opponents from a safe distance, as well as [[Entangle|freeze them in place]], [[Stagger|lower their combat stats]], and even [[Barrage spells|hit multiple targets at once]]. It is often used due to the power of its threshold abilities and the option to negatively affect targets using spells such as [[Vulnerability]].
 
   
Outside of combat, Magic allows people to perform various tasks such as [[Teleportation|teleporting]] themselves ([[Tele-other|or others]]) to distant locations, enchanting various items to give them magical properties, [[High Level Alchemy|converting items directly into coins]], and even [[Cure Other|curing]] or [[Heal Other|healing]] other players.
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
aaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaa
  +
aaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
   
According to the [[combat triangle]], mages are strong towards [[Melee|warriors]], and weak against [[Ranged|rangers]].
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
   
{{Skill minimum rank|Magic}} {{Skill 99s|Magic}} {{Skill 120s|date=no|Magic}}
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaa
  +
aaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaa
   
==Runes==
+
aaaaaaaaa
The Magic skill relies heavily on [[runes]], special stones imbued with elemental powers which are focused into spells. Magic users may therefore benefit from a high [[Runecrafting]] level, which is used to create runes. Each spell has a certain rune requirement to cast; these runes are consumed during the casting process. (Some Magic equipment, such as the [[staff of light]], may negate the rune cost of a single spell.)
+
aaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
   
Runes can be divided in two ways: the [[Fist of Guthix]] classification; or the [[Daemonheim]]/[[Dungeoneering]] classification. The Fist of Guthix division is: ''Elemental ''runes ([[air rune|Air]], [[water rune|Water]], [[earth rune|Earth]], [[fire rune|Fire]], and [[Combination rune|Combination]] runes) and all other runes; called ''Catalytic'' runes ([[Mind rune|Mind]], [[Body rune|Body]], [[Cosmic rune|Cosmic]], [[Chaos rune|Chaos]], [[Astral rune|Astral]], [[Nature rune|Nature]], [[Law rune|Law]], [[Death rune|Death]], [[Blood rune|Blood]] and [[Soul rune|Soul]] runes). The second way is according to the [[Daemonheim]]/[[Dungeoneering]] classification. Here runes are divided into three types: ''Elemental'' runes ([[air rune|Air]], [[water rune|Water]], [[earth rune|Earth]], [[fire rune|Fire]], and [[Combination rune|Combination]] runes), ''Combat ''runes ([[Mind rune|Mind]], [[Chaos rune|Chaos]], [[Death rune|Death]], and [[Blood rune|Blood]] runes) and every other rune belongs to the ''Other ''category ([[Body rune|Body]], [[Cosmic rune|Cosmic]], [[Astral rune|Astral]], [[Nature rune|Nature]], [[Law rune|Law]], and [[Soul rune|Soul]]).
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
aaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
   
Part of the rune requirement for a spell can be taken care of by equipping an elemental staff (a [[staff of air]], [[staff of water]], [[staff of earth]], [[staff of fire]], or a [[Combination rune|Combination]] rune staff). When equipped, these staves provide unlimited numbers of the elemental rune they represent. A staff of fire will therefore count as unlimited fire runes; [[High Level Alchemy]], which normally requires five fire runes and one [[nature rune]] per cast, will only require one nature rune with a staff of fire equipped. The [[Tome of Frost]] also provides unlimited water runes when wielded, however, unlike the staves, it is wielded in the shield slot.
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
   
In addition, members have access to [[combination rune]]s created through the Runecrafting skill. Combination runes act as two different elemental runes at once; one [[dust rune]] counts as both an earth rune ''and'' an air rune for the purpose of spells that require both of these runes, such as [[Earth Bolt]]. There are three elemental staves based on combination runes: the [[mud battlestaff]] (which provides unlimited water and earth runes), the [[lava battlestaff]] (which provides unlimited earth and fire runes), and the [[steam battlestaff]] (which provides unlimited water and fire runes). There are also some omni-elemental staves which provide infinite runes of all four elements, but these are restricted to either [[minigames]] or [[Dungeoneering]]. This is likely done to restrict free magic training outside of the aforementioned areas to the use of an air staff with the basic [[air spells]].
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaa
   
==Spell books==
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
{{Main|List of spells}}
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
The spells of RuneScape are divided into three separate spellbooks. In order to cast a spell, its spellbook must be active.
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaaaa
  +
aaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
   
===Standard spells===
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
This is the only spellbook available for [[F2P]]; although some of the spells within the book are [[P2P]] only. The [[standard spellbook]] contains a well-rounded mix of combat and noncombat spells. Additionally, it is the only spellbook to contain enchantment spells, stat-lowering spells known as ''curses'', and [[tele-other]] spells. The standard spellbook is unlocked by default for all players and can be accessed from level 1 Magic. Some examples of combat attacks from this magic spellbook include air strike, fire strike, fire bolt, water blast, etc.
+
aaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aa
   
===Ancient Magicks (members)===
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
The [[Ancient Magicks]] are unlocked after the completion of the [[Desert Treasure]] quest. The Ancient Magicks spellbook is heavily focused on combat spells, though it also includes a handful of teleports. All Ancient Magicks combat spells have side effects in addition to dealing damage: they can lower targets' accuracy and damage output, heal the caster, and freeze the targets in place. Additionally, some Ancient Magicks spells can hit multiple targets at once with the use of [[Burst spells|Burst]] or [[Barrage spells|Barrage]] spells, up to a maximum of nine within a 3 x 3 area. The Ancient Magicks teleports lead to a limited variety of locations across [[Misthalin]], [[Morytania]] and the [[Wilderness]]. At least 50 Magic is required to complete Desert Treasure and use the Ancient Magicks spellbook, but the experience reward is enough to go from 50 Magic to 51. After completing the quest [[The Light Within]], the player is rewarded with additional Seren spells, which are added to the Ancient Magicks spellbook. Nine new combat spells are included as well as as five skilling spells. These are the only skilling spells in the Ancient Magicks spellbook and include the [[Spellbook Swap]] spell which allows players to cast one spell from the [[Standard spellbook]] or the [[Lunar spellbook]] (if unlocked).
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaa
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaa
  +
aaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
   
===Lunar spells (members)===
+
aaaaaaaaaaa
In contrast to Ancient Magicks, the [[Lunar spellbook]] focuses on non-combat spells, many of which provide unique benefits not otherwise available, and all of which use [[astral rune]]s. The Lunar spellbook is unlocked after completing the quest [[Lunar Diplomacy]], which requires level 65 magic; an additional seven spells are unlocked after subsequently completing [[Dream Mentor]]; and eleven more spells are available as rewards from the [[Livid Farm]] activity. The Lunar spellbook is notable for containing spells that allow players to aid other players in different ways, including [[Cure Other|curing poison]], [[Boost Potion Share|sharing stat-enhancing potions]], [[Tele-group Moonclan|group teleportation]], [[Heal Other|restoring life points]] , and even assisting [[Vengeance|yourself]] or [[Vengeance Other|other players]] in combat. The Lunar spellbook also contains [[Spellbook Swap]], which enables the caster to cast a single spell from either the [[Standard spells|standard]] or [[Ancient Magicks]] spellbooks, allowing for even greater versatility. The highest requirement of a Lunar spell is 99 Magic for [[Borrowed Power]], which is also the highest magic requirement for a spell in the game.
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
   
==Type of spells==
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
Just as the spells of RuneScape are divided into three separate spellbooks, so too can spells be classified by what types they are. There are three main types of magical spells, and can be further divided into subclasses, these are depicted in to table below. The three main types can be seen in the Magic subtabs of the [[Ability book]].
+
aaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
   
{| class="wikitable"
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
! colspan="2" |Magic type
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
! colspan="5" |Subclassed spells
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
|-
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
![[File:Fire Surge icon.png]] !![[Combat spells]]
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
|[[Elemental spells|Elemental]] ||[[Curse spells|Curses]] ||[[Combat spells#Support spells|Support]]
+
aa
|-
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
![[File:Home Teleport icon.png]] !![[Teleport spells]]
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
|Teleporting Yourself ||[[Tele-other]] ||[[Tele group]]
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
|-
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
![[File:High Level Alchemy icon.png]] !![[Skilling spells]]
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
|[[Enchantment spells|Enchantment]] ||[[Alchemy spells|Alchemy]] ||[[Skilling spells#Other Spells|Other]]
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
|}
+
aaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
   
===Combat spells===
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
{{main|Combat spells}}
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
[[File:Fire Surge icon.png]] Combat spells are used by the casters, mostly in battle, for their offensive capabilities. Combat magic can be separated into three sub types. The first type of spells, [[elemental spells]], give a specific type of elemental damage, and are most commonly used against monsters with a specific [[weakness]] to that element. The second type, [[curse spells]], are used to disable an opponent, and make dealing damage easier or safer for the mage casting them. Finally are [[Combat spells#Support spells|support spells]], which offer a range of benefits to the caster, such as preventing damage, curing poison, and healing other players.
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaa
  +
aaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
   
===Teleportation spells===
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
{{Gifresize|Teleport.gif|160px|caption=A player casting a teleport spell from the standard spellbook}}
 
{{main|Teleport spells}}
 
[[File:Home Teleport icon.png]] Teleport spells are used to instantly transport players to a certain area. For example, when cast, [[Falador Teleport]] immediately transports the caster to the centre of [[Falador]], next to the Saradomin statue. Nearly all teleportation spells require at least one [[law rune]], among other runes.
 
   
All spellbooks contain teleportation spells. However, the standard spellbook contains [[Tele-other]] spells, beginning with [[Tele-other Lumbridge]] at 74 Magic. Tele-other spells allow the caster to teleport another player to another area, assuming that player consents and has [[Accept Aid]] on. The Lunar spellbook has Tele Group spells, starting with [[Tele-group Moonclan]] at 70 Magic, which will teleport the caster and any other players within a 3x3 square area of the caster to another area.
+
aaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aa
  +
aaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaa
  +
aaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaa
  +
aaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
   
The [[Home Teleport]] spell is a unique teleport that does not require any runes and does not have a level requirement. The spell is also unique, in that it gives the user a choice to go to any [[lodestone]] they have unlocked, not just one location. It takes around 10 seconds to cast, and it will be interrupted by combat. A similar spell exists in the [[Dungeoneering/Magic|Dungeoneering spellbook]] which teleports the caster to the [[smuggler]] in the start room.
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
a
  +
aaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaa
   
Note that teleportation can be blocked by use of the [[Teleport Block]] spell, or being past level 20 in the Wilderness, except with dragonstone jewellery, which is able to teleport in up to level 30 in the Wilderness.
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
   
===Skilling spells===
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
{{main|Skilling spells}}
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
[[File:High Level Alchemy icon.png]]Skilling spells is a type of Magic that aids the player in a way that is not related to combat in a direct way. Skilling spells from the standard spellbook can be divided into [[Enchantment spells]] and [[Alchemy spells]]. Lunar skilling spells contain a wide variety of effects, while the ancient spellbook contains no skilling spells.
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaa
  +
aaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaa
  +
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
   
====Enchantment spells====
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
{{main|Enchantment spells}}
+
aaaaaaaaaaaaaa
Unique to the standard spellbook, [[enchantment]] spells are used to imbue certain items, such as [[jewellery]] and [[bolts|crossbow bolts]], with magical properties. For example, [[Enchant Level 3 Jewellery]] is used to turn a [[ruby amulet]] into an [[amulet of strength]]. Enchantment spells make use of [[cosmic rune]]s along with other runes.
 
 
====Alchemy spells====
 
{{main|Alchemy spells}}
 
Alchemy spells are used to convert one resource into another. One of the most popular spells in game, [[High Alchemy]], will convert almost any item into a stack of coins. Alchemy spells use [[nature rune]]s, as well as other runes.
 
 
====Other spells====
 
{{main|Skilling spells#Other spells}}
 
Several spells from the Lunar spellbook have unique effects that do not fit into the above categories.
 
 
==Magic equipment==
 
===Weapons===
 
{{Main|Weapons#Magic weapons}}
 
Magic users often use [[staff (weapon type)|staves]] and [[wands]] in order to augment their spellcasting. Some staves, such as the basic [[staff]], simply give small bonuses to Magic accuracy. Some, however, provide powerful or unique bonus effects. Some examples:
 
* [[Elemental staves]] provide unlimited amounts of certain elemental runes
 
* The [[slayer staff]], which requires 50 Magic and 55 [[Slayer]], allows the casting of [[Slayer Dart]].
 
* [[God staves]] (including the [[Saradomin staff]], [[Guthix staff]], and [[Zamorak staff]]) allow casting of [[Divine Storm]].
 
* [[Ahrim's staff]] is part of [[Ahrim the Blighted's equipment|Ahrim the Blighted's set]], and when used with the rest of the set, may lower the target's [[Strength]] by 5 points on a successful hit
 
* The [[staff of light]] and [[Abyssal wand]] and [[Abyssal orb|orb]], have a 1/8 chance of negating the rune cost of a spell (this effect stacks with [[Battle robes]] and doubles), and can be used to cast [[Slayer Dart]].
 
* The [[Staff of Sliske]], [[Wand of the praesul]], and [[Imperium core]] are the most accurate magic weapons in the game so far, with 2577 accuracy.
 
* The [[Noxious staff]] has a Special attack called Mirrorback, which reflects 50% damage for 10 seconds.
 
* The [[Staff of light]] has a Special attack, The Power of Light, which halves melee damage for 1 minute.
 
* [[Zuriel's staff]] has a Special attack, Miasmic Barrage, which deals up to 200% damage and slows enemy attacks. It is possible to kill players with 99 [[Constituion]] in one hit with this attack with [[Torment]], [[Overloads]], and [[Virtus equipment|Virtus]] or [[Tectonic armour]].
 
* The [[Polypore staff]] allows for [[Polypore Strike]].
 
* The [[Greater runic staff]] can hold the runes for up to 1000 casts for one spell.
 
* The [[Armadyl battlestaff]] is the only staff that slightly boosts the damage of [[Storm of Armadyl]]. Also supplies unlimited air runes, and has a Special attack called the Tempest of Armadyl, which deals 4 rapid attacks. It is the Magic equivalent of [[Dragon claws]] Special attack.
 
* The [[Staff of Sliske]] has a special attack called From the Shadows: a wight is summoned from the [[Shadow Realm]] that attacks your target five times, dealing 20-100% ability damage each attack.
 
 
====Best weapons (m)====
 
=====Two-handed weapon=====
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
! colspan="2" |Item
 
!Accuracy
 
|-
 
|[[File:Staff of Sliske.png]]||[[Staff of Sliske]]||2577
 
|-
 
|[[File:Noxious staff.png]]||[[Noxious staff]]||2458
 
|-
 
|[[File:Superior Zuriel's staff.png]]||[[Superior Zuriel's staff]]||2343
 
|-
 
|[[File:Obliteration.png]]||[[Obliteration]]||2287
 
|-
 
|[[File:Staff of darkness.png]]||[[Staff of darkness]]||2178
 
|-
 
|[[File:Camel staff.png]]||[[Camel staff]]||2178
 
|-
 
|[[File:Chaotic staff.png]]||[[Chaotic staff]]||1924
 
|-
 
|[[File:Attuned crystal staff.png]]||[[Attuned crystal staff]]||1924
 
|-
 
|[[File:Zuriel's staff.png]]||[[Zuriel's staff]]||1829
 
|-
 
|[[File:Sunspear (magic).png]]||[[Sunspear (magic)]]||1829
 
|-
 
|[[File:Armadyl battlestaff.png]]||[[Armadyl battlestaff]]||1783
 
|-
 
|[[File:Greater runic staff.png]]||[[Greater runic staff]]||1694
 
|-
 
|[[File:Polypore staff.png]]||[[Polypore staff]]||1694
 
|-
 
|[[File:Staff of light.png]]||[[Staff of light]]||1694
 
|-
 
|[[File:Ancient staff.png]]||[[Enhanced ancient staff]]||1694
 
|}
 
 
=====One-handed weapon=====
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
! colspan="2" |Item
 
!Accuracy
 
|-
 
|[[File:Wand of the praesul.png]]||[[Wand of the praesul]]||2577
 
|-
 
|[[File:Seismic wand.png]]||[[Seismic wand]]||2458
 
|-
 
|[[File:Wand of the Cywir elders.png]]||[[Wand of the Cywir elders]]||2458
 
|-
 
|[[File:Seasinger kiba.png]]||[[Seasinger kiba]]||2178
 
|-
 
|[[File:Virtus wand.png]]||[[Virtus wand]]||1924
 
|-
 
|[[File:Attuned crystal wand.png]]||[[Attuned crystal wand]]||1924
 
|-
 
|[[File:Abyssal wand.png]]||[[Abyssal wand]]||1694
 
|-
 
|[[File:Ahrim's wand.png]]||[[Ahrim's wand]]||1486
 
|-
 
|[[File:Wand of treachery.png]]||[[Wand of treachery]]||1486
 
|-
 
|[[File:Master wand.png]]||[[Master wand]]||1132
 
|-
 
|[[File:Grifolic wand.png]]||[[Grifolic wand]]||1132
 
|-
 
|[[File:Teacher wand.png]]||[[Teacher wand]]||983
 
|}
 
 
=====Off-hand=====
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
! colspan="2" |Item
 
!Accuracy
 
|-
 
|[[File:Imperium core.png]]||[[Imperium core]]||2577
 
|-
 
|[[File:Seismic singularity.png]]||[[Seismic singularity]]||2458
 
|-
 
|[[File:Orb of the Cywir elders.png]]||[[Orb of the Cywir elders]]||2458
 
|-
 
|[[File:Seasinger makigai.png]]||[[Seasinger makigai]]||2178
 
|-
 
|[[File:Virtus book.png]]||[[Virtus book]]||1924
 
|-
 
|[[File:Attuned crystal orb.png]]||[[Attuned crystal orb]]||1924
 
|-
 
|[[File:Abyssal orb.png]]||[[Abyssal orb]]||1694
 
|-
 
|[[File:Ahrim's book of magic.png]]||[[Ahrim's book of magic]]||1486
 
|-
 
|[[File:Grifolic orb.png]]||[[Grifolic orb]]||1132
 
|-
 
|[[File:Mages' book.png]]||[[Mages' book]]||1132
 
|}
 
 
===Armour===
 
{{Main|Armour/Magic armour}}
 
Generally, various magical robes are the Magic user's armour of choice.
 
 
There are two types of armour: tank armour, which has high armour and sometimes life point boosts; and power armour, which has less armour and life point boosts in exchange for a magic strength bonus. [[Seasinger's robes|Superior seasinger's robes]] are the best magic tank armour, at tier 85, while [[Tectonic armour]] is the best magic power armour, at tier 90.
 
 
Some mages may instead choose to use [[Void Knight equipment]], particularly with the [[Void mage helm]], as the set grants bonus magic damage and accuracy. At high Magic levels this can result in a significant bonus to accuracy.
 
 
====Best armour (m)====
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
!Slot
 
! colspan="2" |Item
 
!Stats
 
|-
 
|Head
 
|[[File:Tectonic mask.png]]
 
|[[Tectonic mask]]
 
|
 
Armour rating: 435
 
 
Prayer bonus: 2
 
 
Magic strength bonus: 23
 
|-
 
|Body
 
|[[File:Tectonic robe top.png]]
 
|[[Tectonic robe top]]
 
|
 
Armour rating: 500
 
 
Prayer bonus: 3
 
 
Magic strength bonus: 34
 
|-
 
|Legs
 
|[[File:Tectonic robe bottom.png]]
 
|[[Tectonic robe bottom]]
 
|
 
Armour rating: 479
 
 
Prayer bonus: 2
 
 
Magic strength bonus: 29
 
|-
 
|Hands
 
|[[File:Celestial handwraps.png]]
 
|[[Celestial handwraps]]
 
|
 
Armour rating: 108
 
 
Prayer bonus: 2
 
 
Magic strength bonus: 14
 
|-
 
|Feet
 
|[[File:Hailfire boots.png]]
 
|[[Hailfire boots]]
 
|
 
Armour rating: 108
 
 
Prayer bonus: 2
 
 
Magic strength bonus: 14
 
|-
 
|Cape
 
|[[File:Completionist cape.png]]<br />[[File:Completionist cape (t).png]]
 
|[[Completionist Cape]]
 
|
 
Armour rating: 65
 
 
Life Bonus: +300
 
 
Prayer bonus: 6
 
 
Magic strength bonus: 43
 
|-
 
|Neck
 
|[[File:Amulet of souls.png]]
 
|[[Amulet of souls]]
 
|
 
Prayer bonus: 5
 
 
Magic strength bonus: 46
 
|-
 
|Ring
 
|[[File:Ring of death.png‎]]
 
|[[Ring of death]]
 
|
 
Armour: 3
 
 
Magic strength bonus: 25
 
|}
 
 
==Training Magic==
 
:''Main articles: Magic training for [[Free-to-play Magic training|free players]] and for [[Pay-to-play Magic training|members]].''
 
 
==Fighting as a mage==
 
Magic-users are strong against [[melee]] users, but are weak against [[ranged|rangers]] due to the fact that most Ranged armour provides good Magic defence bonuses and binding spells such as [[Snare]] don't help if fighting someone who can attack at a distance. When fighting as a mage it is suggested to make use of stat-lowering curse spells and binding spells in order to maximise effectiveness. A player or monster using melee is at a significant disadvantage when faced with a foe who can keep out of their [[attack range]], lower their stats, and deal damage. Additionally, when fighting monsters, use of [[safe spot]]s may be helpful.
 
 
When using binding spells, another tip is to keep track of how long the opponent will be frozen and cast combat spells accordingly. For example, [[Entangle]] freezes the opponent for 15 seconds, and takes 3 seconds to cast, leaving 12 seconds with which to cast other spells. Since each spell takes 3 seconds to cast, it is possible to cast 4 spells before the target can move again.
 
 
If a monster has a particular elemental weakness it is recommended to take advantage of it. For example, [[iron dragon]]s are vulnerable to water spells.
 
 
Also see: [[Combat spells#Comparison: Standard spells .26 Ancient Magicks|this page]] for a comparison in combat spells between Standard spells and Ancient Magicks.
 
 
==Level-up table==
 
{{main|Magic/Level-up table}}
 
 
==Temporary boosts==
 
{{main|Temporary skill boost}}
 
Some items grant temporary boosts to the Magic skill. A boosted Magic skill does allow for casting of higher-level spells than normal. For example, a player with 90 Magic who drinks a dose of [[magic potion]] will be able to cast [[Vengeance Other]], which requires 93 Magic.
 
 
Items that offer a magic strength bonus chance also increase a player's damage.
 
 
Only the first two items, the magic potion and wizard's mind bomb, are available to [[F2P]].
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
 
!Icon
 
!Method
 
!Level boost
 
!Requirements
 
!Restrictions
 
|-
 
|[[File:Magic_potion_(3).png]]
 
|[[Magic potion]]
 
|1 to 8
 
|5 {{Skill clickpic|Herblore}}
 
|
 
|-
 
|‎[[File:Wizard's mind bomb.png]]
 
|[[Wizard's mind bomb]]
 
|2 or 3
 
|None
 
|
 
|-
 
|‎[[File:Mature wmb.png‎]]
 
|[[Mature wmb]]
 
|3 or 4
 
|None
 
|
 
|-
 
|[[File:Magic essence (3).png‎]]
 
|[[Magic essence potion]]
 
|3 to 8
 
|57 {{Skill clickpic|Herblore}}
 
|Untradeable
 
|-
 
|[[File:Vecna skull.png]]
 
|[[Vecna skull]]
 
|2 to 11
 
|None
 
|One use every 7 minutes, but you can use it only when boost has worn out.
 
Cannot be used in the Wilderness
 
|-
 
|[[File:Super magic potion (3).png]]
 
|[[Super magic potion]]
 
|2 to 13
 
|76 {{Skill clickpic|Herblore}}
 
|
 
|-
 
|[[File:Grand magic potion (6).png]]
 
|[[Grand magic potion]]
 
|2 to 15
 
|None
 
| A dose of grand magic boosts Magic by 14% of your Magic level, plus 2, rounded down.
 
|-
 
|[[File:Extreme magic (3).png‎]]
 
|[[Extreme magic potion]]
 
|3 to 17
 
|91 {{Skill clickpic|Herblore}}
 
|Untradeable
 
|-
 
|[[File:Overload (3).png‎‎]]
 
|[[Overload]]
 
|3 to 17
 
|96 {{Skill clickpic|Herblore}}
 
|Untradeable
 
|-
 
|[[File:Supreme overload potion (6).png‎‎]]
 
|[[Supreme overload potion (6)]]
 
|4 to 18
 
|98 {{Skill clickpic|Herblore}}
 
 
|Untradeable
 
|-
 
|[[File:Magic focus scroll.png‎]]
 
|[[Wolpertinger|Wolpertinger's]] Magic focus scroll
 
|7
 
|92 {{Skill clickpic|Summoning}}
 
|
 
|-
 
|[[File:Dominion marker (stage 4).png]]
 
|[[Dominion marker (stage 4)|Dominion marker Tier 4]]
 
|10
 
|All achievements done in [[Dominion Tower]].
 
|Only boosts in boss rooms.
 
|-
 
|[[File:Magic cape.png]]
 
|[[Magic cape]]'s boost
 
|1
 
|99 {{Skill clickpic|Magic}}
 
|
 
|-
 
|[[File:Fireberry.png]]
 
|[[Fireberry]]
 
|2
 
|86 {{Skill clickpic|Farming}}
 
|Also reduces defence by 1.
 
|}
 
 
==Development history==
 
Magic in ''[[RuneScape Classic]]'' was significantly different than its modern incarnation. Very early on, the Magic skill was made up of two separate skills, GoodMagic and EvilMagic. The EvilMagic spells were [[Confuse]], Thick Skin, Shock Bolt, Elemental Bolt and Fear, and the GoodMagic spells were Chill Bolt, Burst of Strength, Camouflage, Rock Skin and [[Wind Bolt]]. The two skills were eventually merged into a single Magic skill. It was possible to fail an attempt to cast a spell; when this happened, the spell used no runes, but the caster could not use another Magic spell for 20 seconds. A higher Magic level made failing a spell attempt less likely. Additionally, because runes were less common in ''RuneScape Classic'', spells gave far more experience. Each spell gave the fixed experience using the formula 2 * spell level + 20. Jagex explained that the reduction of Magic experience in ''[[RuneScape 2]]'' was due to the fact that runes were [[Runecrafting|easier to obtain]] on the new version. Spells were graphically represented as a two-dimensional blue flying star, which proved difficult to distinguish from arrows (green stars). Furthermore, metal armour did not impose the significant restrictions on Magic accuracy that it does today, allowing mages to cast powerful spells and yet wear full [[rune armour]].
 
 
On [[22 September]] [[2003]], the [[Mage Arena]] was introduced, together with the three god spells [[Saradomin Strike]], [[Claws of Guthix]], and [[Flames of Zamorak]]. On the [[24 November|24th of November]], the [[Bind]], [[Snare]] and [[Entangle]] spells were released in an attempt to balance out the combat triangle. Additionally, the system for failing spells was changed to the modern system, whereas a spell will "splash" and use runes, but will not disable spellcasting for 20 seconds.
 
 
On [[18 April]] [[2005]], the [[Desert Treasure]] quest was released, together with the [[Ancient Magicks]], almost doubling the number of combat spells in the game.
 
 
On the [[4 January]], [[2006]], the [[Mage Training Arena]] was released. On the [[4 July|24th of July]] of the same year the [[Lunar Diplomacy]] quest was released, with the introduction of the [[Lunar spellbook]]. The Lunar spellbook was expanded on [[15 May]] [[2007]] with 7 new spells which are accessible after completing [[Dream Mentor]] and with 11 new unlockable spells on [[4 April]] [[2011]] with the release of the [[Livid Farm]].
 
 
On [[18 September]] [[2007]], the spell [[Ourania Teleport]] was released, along with the [[Ourania Runecrafting Altar]].
 
 
On [[9 September]] [[2009]], Jagex [[Update:Changes to Autocasting Spells|updated]] the system for auto-casting spells. Previously, spells could only be auto-cast while wielding a staff, and even then not every spell could be autocast. Now it is possible to auto-cast most spells even without a staff equipped, and some spells such as [[Iban Blast]] and [[Saradomin Strike]] that were not previously auto-castable may now be auto-cast, provided the proper staff is equipped. Additionally, [[Ancient Magicks]] spells were changed to allow for auto-casting without an [[ancient staff]] equipped, which was required to auto-cast them until the update.
 
 
On [[17 November]] [[2009]], the [[surge spells]] were [[Update:Potions, Spells and Runes|added to the game]].
 
 
On [[21 June]] [[2010]] the animations for the combat spells in the standard spellbook were updated from the previous generic blast with different colours to actually individual animations that are unique for each element. The animation for making a teleport tablet was also changed.
 
 
On [[14 September]] [[2011]] a new rune called the [[Armadyl rune]] was released along with a new spell, [[Storm of Armadyl]].
 
 
==Canon==
 
{{Main|Wizardry}}
 
 
==Skilling pet==
 
[[File:Newton chathead.png|left]]
 
{{Main|Newton}}
 
Like all skills, there is a [[skilling pet]] obtainable from training this skill. The pet for the Magic skill is called Newton.
 
 
{{Clear|left}}
 
 
==Trivia==
 
{{Listen
 
|align = right
 
|title = The old magic level up jingle
 
|filename = Magic.ogg
 
}}
 
* Because Magic is composed of both combat and non-combat spells, it is possible to train Magic without gaining [[Constitution]] experience. At early Magic levels it is necessary to use experience lamps, quest rewards or other sources of experience.
 
* Ever since ''[[RuneScape HD]]'''s release, failed spells will sometimes fly straight up instead of splashing and disappearing as usual.
 
* Before the [[Evolution of Combat]], the higher a player's Magic level was, the more resistant they became to magical attacks, regardless of the combat style the player was using to attack. This applied to both combat with [[NPC]]'s and in [[PvP]] areas. A player's defence against magical attacks was based on 70% of their Magic level and 30% of their Defence level.
 
* The damage of a magic spell is limited to the level of the weapon.
 
* Before an update, players were not be able to cast spells correctly if they had more than 2.147b elemental runes in their inventory via a combination of elemental and combination runes.
 
 
==See also==
 
* [[Quest experience rewards#Magic|Quest experience rewards - Magic]]
 
* [[Grand Exchange Market Watch/Magic]]
 
* [[Mage]] class
 
* [[Runes#Obtaining runes|Runes - obtaining]]
 
* [[Free-to-play Magic training]], a guide to training Magic for free-to-play players
 
* [[Pay-to-play Magic training]], a guide to training Magic for pay-to-play players
 
* [[Magic/Level up table]]
 
* [[Calculator#Magic|Magic calculators]]
 
* [[Magic cape]]
 
 
{{Skills}}
 
{{Interface}}
 
[[nl:Magic]]
 
[[pt:Magia]]
 
[[de:Magie]]
 
[[pl:Magic]]
 
[[no:Magic]]
 
[[es:Magic]]
 
[[zh:Magic]]
 
[[fi:Magic]]
 
[[fr:Magie]]
 
[[Category:Skills]]
 
[[Category:Magic| ]]
 
[[Category:Combat classes]]
 
[[Category:Combat]]
 
[[Category:Studies]]
 

Revision as of 09:47, June 8, 2019

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaa

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaaaaa aaa aaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaa aa aaaa aaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaa aaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaa aa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaa

aaaaaaaaa aaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaa aaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaa aaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaa aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaa

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aa aaaaaa aaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aa

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaa aaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaa aaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaa aaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aa aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

aaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaa aaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa aaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaa aaaaaaa aa aaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaa aaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaa aaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aa aaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

aaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa a aa aaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaa aa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaa aaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaa aaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aa aa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa a aaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaa aaaa

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaa

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaa aa aaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaa aaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aa aaaaaaaaaaaa aa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.