The Penance are a type of Chthonian demon found within and fought through the minigame Barbarian Assault. They are led by Cacus, who was formerly one of Zaros's twelve demon dukes. Cacus spawned a number of Penance Queens and set his sights on conquering Gielinor some time after Zamorak's rise to godhood at the end of the Second Age, and these queens have in turned spawned the rest of the penance. The name is derived from the Fremennik's belief that the penance were created by the gods as a punishment for man.
Penance spawned by the Queen begin life as Queen spawn and then later mature into the various kinds of penance. They are instructed on what type to become by orders from Cacus (via the queen). If no orders are received, then the spawn develops into a penance queen as this role is evidently needed.
Types of penance
Known types of penance include: